/manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Large-scale proteomic screen and signal transduction analysis used to study embryonic gonad and germ cell development /manager/Repository/uon:7423 Wed 11 Apr 2018 13:42:41 AEST ]]> A male-specific role for p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in germ cell sex differentiation in mice /manager/Repository/uon:11166 Sat 24 Mar 2018 08:08:30 AEDT ]]> Combined treatment with SB203580 and dexamethasone suppresses non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae-induced Th17 inflammation response in murine allergic asthma /manager/Repository/uon:38228 Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) infection drives the development of steroid-resistant allergic airway disease (SRAAD), exacerbates clinical symptoms, worsens quality of life, and accounts for most of the related healthcare burden. The poor understanding of the pathogenesis of SRAAD deters the development of more effective therapeutic strategies. Here, we established a murine model of NTHi infection-induced exacerbation of allergic airway disease. We showed that NTHi infection drove Th 17-mediated pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation, aggravated airway hyper-responsiveness, and upset the balance of MUC5AC and MUC5B expression. Dexamethasone treatment effectively inhibited the features of allergic airway disease but failed to reduce NTHi-induced exacerbation, which was associated with the hyper-phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Interestingly, inhibition of p38 using a specific inhibitor (SB203580) only partly suppressed the airway hyper-responsiveness and mucus hyper-secretion but failed to abrogate the infection-induced neutrophilic inflammatory response in SRAAD. However, SB203580 and dexamethasone co-treatment substantially suppressed all the features of NTHi-induced SRAAD. Our findings highlight the importance of p38 MAPK in the pathogenesis of NTHi-induced steroid resistance, and this combined treatment approach may be a novel strategy against steroid-resistant asthma.]]> Mon 16 Aug 2021 16:15:47 AEST ]]>