https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Protection motivation theory and the prediction of physical activity among adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in a large population sample https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:9369 Sat 24 Mar 2018 10:45:36 AEDT ]]> Testing the utility of three social-cognitive models for predicting objective and self-report physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:21309 n = 287, 53.8% males, mean age = 61.6 ± 11.8 years). Theoretical constructs across the three theories were tested to prospectively predict PA behaviour (objective and self-report) across three 6-month time intervals (baseline-6, 6-12, 12-18 months) using structural equation modelling. PA outcomes were steps/3 days (objective) and minutes of MET-weighted PA/week (self-report). Results: The mean proportion of variance in PA explained by these models was 6.5% for objective PA and 8.8% for self-report PA. Direct pathways to PA outcomes were stronger for self-report compared with objective PA. Conclusions: These theories explained a small proportion of the variance in longitudinal PA studies. Theory development to guide interventions for increasing and maintaining PA in adults with type 2 diabetes requires further research with objective measures. Theory integration across social-cognitive models and the inclusion of ecological levels are recommended to further explain PA behaviour change in this population. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Social-cognitive theories are able to explain partial variance for physical activity (PA) behaviour. What does this study add? The testing of three theories in a longitudinal design over 3, 6-month time intervals. The parallel use and comparison of both objective and self-report PA measures in testing these theories.]]> Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:54:40 AEDT ]]>