/manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Etiologies of chronic cough in pediatric cohorts: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report /manager/Repository/uon:33991 4 weeks) cough (KQ 1) are the common etiologies different from those in adults? (KQ 2) Are the common etiologies age or setting dependent, or both? (KQ 3) Is OSA a cause of chronic cough in children? Methods: We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework. Data from the systematic reviews in conjunction with patients' values and preferences and the clinical context were used to form recommendations. Delphi methodology was used to obtain consensus. Results: Combining KQs 1 and 2, we found moderate-level evidence from 10 prospective studies that the etiologies of cough in children are different from those in adults and are setting dependent. Data from three studies found that common etiologies of cough in young children were different from those in older children. However, data relating sleep abnormalities to chronic cough in children were found only in case studies. Conclusions: There is moderate-quality evidence that common etiologies of chronic cough in children are different from those in adults and are dependent on age and setting. As there are few data relating OSA and chronic cough in children, the panel suggested that these children should be managed in accordance with pediatric sleep guidelines.]]> Tue 29 Jan 2019 15:55:55 AEDT ]]> Chronic cough due to gastroesophageal reflux in adults: CHEST guideline and expert panel report /manager/Repository/uon:29176 Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:35:44 AEDT ]]> Chronic Cough and Gastroesophageal Reflux in Children: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report /manager/Repository/uon:49491 4-weeks duration) and without underlying lung disease: (1) who do not havegastrointestinal GER symptoms, should empirical treatment for GERD be used? (2) withgastrointestinal GER symptoms, does treatment for GERD resolve the cough? (3) with orwithout gastrointestinal GER symptoms, what GER-based therapies should be used and forhow long? (4) if GERD is suspected as the cause, what investigations and diagnostic criteriabest determine GERD as the cause of the cough?METHODS:We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel’s protocol and American College ofChest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE (Grading of Recom-mendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) framework. Delphi methodology wasused to obtain consensus.RESULTS:Few randomized controlled trials addressed thefirst two questions and noneaddressed the other two. The single meta-analysis (two randomized controlled trials)showed no significant difference between the groups (any intervention for GERDvs placebo for cough resolution; OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 0.45-2.93;P¼.78). Proton pumpinhibitors (vs placebo) caused increased serious adverse events. Qualitative data fromexisting CHEST cough systematic reviews were consistent with two international GERDguidelines.CONCLUSIONS:The panelists endorsed that: (1) treatment(s) for GERD should not be usedwhen there are no clinical features of GERD; and (2) pediatric GERD guidelines should beused to guide treatment and investigations.]]> Fri 19 May 2023 09:55:59 AEST ]]>