/manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 EPITHET: positive result after reanalysis using baseline diffusion-weighted imaging/perfusion-weighted imaging co-registration /manager/Repository/uon:17780 1.2 and total coregistered mismatch volume was ≥10 mL. The primary outcome was a comparison of infarct growth in alteplase vs placebo patients with coregistered mismatch. Of 99 patients with baseline diffusion-weighted imaging and perfusion-weighted imaging, coregistration of both images was possible in 95 patients. Coregistered mismatch was present in 93% (88/95) compared to 85% (81/95) with standard volumetric mismatch. In the coregistered mismatch patients, of whom 45 received alteplase and 43 received placebo, the primary outcome measure of geometric mean infarct growth was significantly attenuated by a ratio of 0.58 with alteplase compared to placebo (1.02 vs 1.77; 95% CI, 0.33–0.99; P=0.0459). When using coregistration techniques to determine the presence of mismatch at study entry, alteplase significantly attenuated infarct growth. This highlights the necessity for a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III clinical trial of alteplase using penumbral selection beyond 3 hours.]]> Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:57:41 AEDT ]]> Failure of collateral blood flow is associated with infarct growth in ischemic stroke /manager/Repository/uon:19728 P<0.001) and smaller baseline diffusion lesion volume (Rho −0.70, P<0.001). In 30 patients without reperfusion at day 3 to 5, deterioration in collateral quality between baseline and subacute imaging was strongly associated with absolute (P=0.02) and relative (P<0.001) infarct growth. The deterioration in collateral grade correlated with increased mean Tmax hypoperfusion severity (Rho −0.68, P<0.001). Deterioration in Tmax hypoperfusion severity was also significantly associated with absolute (P=0.003) and relative (P=0.002) infarct growth. Collateral flow is dynamic and failure is associated with infarct growth.]]> Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:53:45 AEDT ]]>