https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Developing attributes and attribute-levels for a discrete-choice experiment: an example for interventions of impulsive violent offenders https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:45583 Wed 02 Nov 2022 10:33:57 AEDT ]]> Societal preferences for the treatment of impulsive-violent offenders: a discrete choice experiment https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:45367 Thu 27 Oct 2022 15:37:47 AEDT ]]> Nabiximols for the treatment of cannabis dependence: a randomized clinical trial https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:46876 International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision) and were seeking treatment, were nonresponsive to prior treatment attempts, were 18 to 64 years of age, had no other substance use disorder, had no severe medical or psychiatric conditions, were not pregnant, were not mandated by a court to undergo treatment, and provided informed consent. Results for primary efficacy measures and all secondary outcomes were obtained using a modified intention-to-treat data set. Interventions: Participants received 12-week treatment involving weekly clinical reviews, structured counseling, and flexible medication doses - up to 32 sprays daily (tetrahydrocannabinol, 86.4 mg, and cannabidiol, 80 mg), dispensed weekly. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was self-reported number of days using illicit cannabis during the 12-week period. Other outcomes included alternate cannabis use parameters (periods of abstinence, withdrawal, cravings, and problems), safety parameters (adverse events and aberrant medication use), health status, other substance use, and treatment retention. Results: A total of 128 participants (30 women and 98 men; mean [SD] age, 35.0 [10.9] years) were randomized and received at least 1 dose of study medication. Participants had used a mean (SD) of 2.3 (2.1) g of cannabis on a mean (SD) of 25.7 (4.5) days in the past 28 days. Treatment retention was comparable for the 2 groups (placebo, 30 of 67 participants [44.8%]; nabiximols, 30 of 61 participants [49.2%]), and both groups used similar mean (SD) doses (placebo, 18.5 [9.5] sprays daily; nabiximols, 17.6 [9.5] sprays daily, equivalent to a mean [SD] of 47.5 [25.7] mg of tetrahydrocannabinol and 44.0 [23.8] mg of cannabidiol). For the primary end point, the placebo group reported significantly more days using cannabis during the 12 weeks (mean [SD], 53.1 [33.0] days) than the nabiximols group (mean [SD], 35.0 [32.4] days; estimated difference, 18.6 days; 95% CI, 3.5-33.7 days; P =.02). Both groups showed comparable improvements in health status, with no substantial changes in other substance use. Medication was well tolerated with few adverse events. Conclusions and Relevance: This study demonstrates that cannabinoid agonist treatment, in this case using nabiximols, in combination with psychosocial interventions is a safe approach for reducing cannabis use among individuals with cannabis dependence who are seeking treatment. Trial Registration: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12616000103460.]]> Mon 05 Dec 2022 09:33:25 AEDT ]]> Health service utilisation attributable to methamphetamine use in Australia: patterns, predictors and national impact https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:27032 Fri 22 Apr 2022 10:20:14 AEST ]]> Are we getting value for money from behavioral interventions for offenders? A research note reviewing the economic evaluation literature https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:36215 Fri 06 Mar 2020 12:36:42 AEDT ]]>