https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) and bromoxynil herbicide ingestion https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:33902 Wed 23 Jan 2019 10:40:16 AEDT ]]> A coagulopathic dilemma: snakes or genes https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:14541 Wed 11 Apr 2018 13:36:43 AEST ]]> Evidence for the changing regimens of acetylcysteine https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:26190 Sat 24 Mar 2018 07:24:09 AEDT ]]> Massive paracetamol overdose: an observational study of the effect of activated charcoal and increased acetylcysteine dose (ATOM-2) https://ogma.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/ /manager/Repository/uon:34253 1000 U/L). Results: Two hundred paracetamol overdoses were analysed, reported median dose ingested was 50 g (interquartile range (IQR): 45-60 g) and median paracetamol ratio 1.9 (IQR: 1.4-2.9, n = 173). One hundred and ninety-three received acetylcysteine at median time of 6.3 h (IQR: 4-9.3 h) post-ingestion. Twenty-eight (14%) developed hepatotoxicity, including six treated within 8 h of ingestion. Activated charcoal was administered to 49(25%), at median of 2 h post-ingestion (IQR:1.5-5 h). Those receiving activated charcoal (within 4 h of ingestion), had significantly lower paracetamol ratio versus those who did not: 1.4 (n = 33, IQR: 1.1-1.6) versus 2.2 (n = 140, IQR: 1.5-3.0) (p < .0001) (paracetamol concentration measured ≥ 1 h after charcoal). Furthermore, they had lower rates of hepatotoxicity [unadjusted OR: 0.12 (95% CI: < 0.001-0.91); adjusted for time to acetylcysteine OR: 0.20 (95%CI: 0.002-1.74)]. Seventy-nine had a paracetamol ratio ≥2, 43 received an increased dose of acetylcysteine in the first 21 h; most commonly a double dose in the last bag (100 to 200 mg/kg/16 h). Those receiving increased acetylcysteine had a significant decrease risk of hepatotoxicity [OR:0.27 (95% CI: 0.08-0.94)] . The OR remained similar after adjustment for time to acetylcysteine and paracetamol ratio. Conclusion: Massive paracetamol overdose can result in hepatotoxicity despite early treatment. Paracetamol concentrations were markedly reduced in those receiving activated charcoal within 4 h. In those with high paracetamol concentrations, treatment with increased acetylcysteine dose within 21 h was associated with a significant reduction in hepatotoxicity.]]> Fri 22 Feb 2019 16:55:23 AEDT ]]>