- Cylindromatosis is required for survival of a subset of melanoma cells
- La, Ting; Jin, Lei; Teng, Liu; Liu, Xiao Ying; Song, Ze Hua; Farrelly, Margaret; Feng, Yu Chen; Yan, Xu Guang; Zhang, Yuan Yuan; Thorne, Rick F.; Zhang, Xu Dong
- Oncology Research Vol. 28, Issue 4, p. 385-398
- Publisher Link
- Cognizant Communication Corporation
- Resource Type
- journal article
- The deubiquitinase cyclindromatosis (CYLD) functions as a tumour suppressor inhibiting cell proliferation in many cancer types including melanoma. Here we present evidence that a proportion of melanoma cells are nonetheless addicted to CYLD for survival. The expression levels of CYLD varied widely in melanoma cell lines and melanomas in vivo, with a subset of melanoma cell lines and melanomas displaying even higher levels of CYLD than melanocyte lines and nevi, respectively. Strikingly, although shRNA knockdown of CYLD promoted, as anticipated, cell proliferation in some melanoma cell lines, it reduced cell viability in a fraction of melanoma cell lines with relatively high levels of CYLD expression and did not impinge on survival and proliferation in a third type of melanoma cell lines. The decrease in cell viability caused by CYLD knockdown was due to induction of apoptosis, as it was associated with activation of the caspase cascade and was abolished by treatment with a general caspase inhibitor. Mechanistic investigation s demonstrated that induction of apoptosis by CYLD knockdown was caused by upregulation of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) that was associated with elevated K63-linked polyubiquitination of the protein, indicating that CYLD is critical for controlling RIPK1 expression in these cells. Of note, microRNA (miR) profiling showed that miR-99b-3p that was predicted to target the 3'UTR of the CYLD mRNA was reduced in melanoma cell lines with high levels of CYLD compared with melanocyte lines. Further functional studies confirmed that the reduction in miR-99b-3p expression was responsible for the increased expression of CYLD in a highly cell line-specific manner. Taken together, these results reveal an unexpected role of CYLD in promoting survival of a subset of melanoma cells and uncover the heterogeneity of CYLD expression and its biological significance in melanoma.
- cylindromatosis (CYLD); melanoma; miR-99b-3p; receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1)
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
- Full Text
- Hits: 417
- Visitors: 471
- Downloads: 56
|View Details Download||ATTACHMENT02||Publisher version (open access)||778 KB||Adobe Acrobat PDF||View Details Download|