- Assessing guideline adherence in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus in Australian children: a population-based sample survey
- McGee, Richard G.; Cowell, Chris T.; Arnolda, Gaston; Ting, Hsuen P.; Hibbert, Peter; Dowton, S. Bruce; Braithwaite, Jeffrey
- NHMRC.APP1065898 http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1065898
- BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care Vol. 8, Issue 1, no. e001141
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- B M J Group
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- journal article
- Introduction: To estimate adherence to clinical practice guidelines in selected settings at a population level for Australian children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Research Design and Methods: Medical records of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus aged 0-15 years in 2012-2013 were targeted for sampling across inpatient, emergency department and community visits with specialist pediatricians in regional and metropolitan areas and tertiary pediatric hospitals in three states where approximately 60% of Australian children reside. Clinical recommendations extracted from two clinical practice guidelines were used to audit adherence. Results were aggregated across types of care (diagnosis, routine care, emergency care). Results: Surveyors conducted 6346 indicator assessments from an audit of 539 healthcare visits by 251 children. Average adherence across all indicators was estimated at 79.9% (95% CI 69.5 to 88.0). Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus have higher rates of behavioral and psychological disorders, but only a third of children (37.9%; 95% CI 11.7 to 70.7) with suboptimal glycemic control (eg, hemoglobin A1c >10% or 86 mmol/mol) were screened for psychological disorders using a validated tool; this was the only indicator with <50% estimated adherence. Adherence by care type was: 86.1% for diagnosis (95% CI 76.7 to 92.7); 78.8% for routine care (95% CI 65.4 to 88.9) and 83.9% for emergency care (95% CI 78.4 to 88.5). Conclusions: Most indicators for care of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus were adhered to. However, there remains room to improve adherence to guidelines for optimization of practice consistency and minimization of future disease burden.
- clinical practice guidelines; type 1 diabetes; children; psychological disorders
- This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
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