- Comparison of genomic abnormalities between BRCAX and sporadic breast cancers studied by comparative genomic hybridization
- Gronwald, J.; Jauch, A.; Cybulski, C.; Schoell, B.; Bohm-Steuer, B.; Lener, M.; Grabowska, E.; Gorski, B.; Jakubowska, A.; Domagala, W.; Chosia, M.; Scott, Rodney J; Lubinski, J.
- International Journal of Cancer Vol. 114, no. 2, p. 230-236
- Resource Type
- journal article
- Very little is known about the chromosomal regions harbouring genes involved in initiation and progression of BRCAX-associated breast cancers. We applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to identify the most frequent genomic imbalances in 18 BRCAX hereditary breast cancers and compared them to chromosomal aberrations detected in a group of 27 sporadic breast cancers. The aberrations observed most frequently in BRCAX tumours were gains of 8q (83%), 19q (67%), 19p (61%), 20q (61%), 1q (56%), 17q (56%) and losses of 8p (56%), 11q (44%) and 13q (33%). The sporadic cases most frequently showed gains of 1q (67%), 8q (48%), 17q (37%), 16p (33%), 19q (33%) and losses of 11q (26%), 8p (22%) and 16q (19%). Losses of 8p and gains 8q, 19 as well as gains of 20q (with respect to ductal tumours only) were detected significantly more often in BRCAX than in sporadic breast cancers. Analysis of 8p-losses and 8q-gains showed that these aberrations are early events in the tumorigenesis of BRCAX tumors. The findings of this report indicate similarities between BRCAX and BRCA2 tumours, possibly suggesting a common pathway of disease. These findings need confirmation by more extensive studies because only a limited number of cases were analysed and there are relatively few reports published. (C) 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
- hereditary breast cancer; CGH; BRCAX; susceptibility gene; hereditary breast; linkage analysis; early-onset; mutations; families; tumors; progression; carcinomas; heterozygosity
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