There seems to be a widespread assumption that the secular project is in deep trouble. Some have assumed it is already dead and they have been busy putting the corpse in a coffin, lowering it into the ground; throwing on the first clods of earth, and saying the last rites. Others have tried to revive secularism and to put it back on the right track; secularism must be defended, they cry. However, rather than say farewell to secularism or defend it at all costs, it is better to understand why this contradictory situation has arisen. Why do we find religion returning with renewed energy in the midst of the most secular societies? And why does secularism seem unwilling to die? Why does the process of secularization seem to lead people to religion and why does religion produce yet more secularism? In short, why do secularism and religion seem to be such inseparable partners? In seeking to answer these questions, the following discussion seeks to return to some basic matters concerning the definition of secularism and its secondary developments. From there it focuses on antinomies of secularism and religion, especially in terms of the opposition to religion, the separation of church and state, the nature of academic disciplines, and the realm of law.