Many industrial chute applications are characterised by rapid flow conditions in which the bulk solid stream thickness or depth is less than the chute width. Under these conditions, it is possible to describe the stream flow by means of a lumped parameter model which takes into account the frictional drag around the chute boundaries as well as making allowance for inter-particle friction. Equations of motion to describe the chute flow are presented and their application to the determination of chute profiles to achieve optimum flow is illustrated. By means of design examples, the problems associated with the feeding of bulk solids onto belt conveyors and conveyor transfers are discussed. Criteria for the selection of the most appropriate chute geometry to minimise chute wear and belt wear at the feed point are presented. The determination of optimum chute profiles to achieve specified performance criteria is outlined.
Chemical Engineering & Technology Vol. 26, Issue 2, p. 163-170